The CREATED Water Crisis
Water crisis is a major issue in today’s world. It is a created and not a real issue.
Let me first observe the issue in detail.
What are the major sources of fresh water-rivers and underground water? Where does water come from in rivers? Of-course through rainfall and the melting of glaciers.
Let us look at the situation in our own country first i.e. Pakistan. Despite heavy rainfall which is supposed to be a blessing of God, why then has this become such a major threat? Why is it that despite having an abundance of rainfall in our country, it is suffering from natural disasters such as floods? It is because Pakistan has not built enough dams. The two major dams Tarbela and Mangla are not sufficient to cater to the needs of the heavily growing population.
The traditional methods of farming such as tube-wells, cattle and canal irrigation system have been abolished.
I am not against scientific inventions because evolution is a natural process and as suggested by Darwin’s theory of evolution it is the ‘survival of the fittest.’ However, if these scientific developments are displacing so many villagers, robbing them of their basic source of income then it should be reconsidered. Floods are inundating the rural areas making thousands of people homeless. What should be done?
The logical answer is that dams should be built. But is that the correct answer?
Should not the government first put a ban on population growth. Building dams will mean cutting of trees. Trees are a major source of oxygen and food. They are home to several animals. Moreover their roots hold the soil together in case of heavy rainfall. The rainwater automatically collects in rivers. The extra water is absorbed by the trees. Henceforth, silting a process whereby the riverbed rises due to soil erosion does not happen. Silting is a major cause of floods.
The Indus Basin Water Treaty (1960) signed between India and Pakistan stated that Ravi, Chenab and Indus will be accorded to Pakistan whilst Beas, Jhelum and Sutlej will fall in India’s share. International Monetary Fund (IMF) allocated both countries a significant amount to build dams. India built them whilst Pakistan did not.
Dams are built in valleys. They do not affect the trees that are planted usually on mountains. So dam projects being taken up by Pakistan should be completed. I appeal to the governments of both countries, India and Pakistan to consider the matter and take steps to complete the ongoing projects in Pakistan.
The CREATED Water Crisis