South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation abbreviated to SAARC was first established on December 8th 1985. Its aim was to unite and to encourage and promote mutual development and progress between its seven original members, namely Pakistan, India, Maldives, Srilanka, Bangladesh, Bhuttan and Nepal and Now Afghanistan.
The head of state/head of government of the SAARC states are as follows:
The head of state in a republic is usually the president. In a monarchy the reigning monarch is the head of state.
SAARC members

Member Represented by Title
Afghanistan Ashraf Ghani

Bangladesh Sheikh Hasina
Prime Minister

Bhutan Tshering Tobgay
Prime Minister

India Narendra Modi
Prime Minister

Maldives Abdulla Yameen

Nepal Sushil Koirala
Prime Minister

Pakistan Nawaz Sharif
Prime Minister

Sri Lanka Mahinda Rajapaksa

The SAARC summit 2014 held in Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal was unsuccessful in reaching a mutual agreement on regional trade between the ever bickering leaders of India and Pakistan.

The Indian and Nepalese officials were quoted that Pakistan failed to sign multilateral pacts which included boosting road trade and electricity sharing across the Pakistani border into India.

However, this is only one view.

According to the Prime Minister, he wanted to see a dispute free South Asia where the south Asian countries united to put an end to ills such as poverty, malnutrition, illiteracy, diseases and unemployment.

The Prime Minister said that he wanted to minimize divergences and achieve convergence between the SAARC nations.

In the 18th SAARC summit that kicked off on Wednesday (26th Sept 2014) the Prime Minister said the gap between promises made and promises fulfilled should be bridged.


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